Meet the Team
Fredric I. Lederer is Chancellor Professor of Law and Director of the Center for Legal and Court Technology (CLCT) at William & Mary Law School.
He received his B.S. from Polytechnic University in New York and his J.D. from Columbia University Law School where he was a member of the Board of Editors of the Columbia Law Review and the recipient of the Archie O’Dawson prize (which provided for study with judges at each of the three levels of the federal courts, including Justice Harlan of the Supreme Court). He holds an LL.M. from the University of Virginia. His post-graduate work includes a year as a Fulbright-Hayes Scholar in Freiburg, Germany. He served as an active duty of the United States Army’s Judge Advocate General’s Corps until 1980 when he joined the William & Mary faculty. He has served as prosecutor, defense counsel, and trial judge.
Professor Lederer’s areas of specialization include evidence, trial practice, criminal procedure, military law, legal technology, and the legal implications of Artificial Intelligence and related technologies. He was one of the founders of the ABA prize winning William & Mary Legal Skills Program in which all students spent two years in practice (simulated) law firms in which they learned professional ethics, legal research and writing, interviewing, negotiation, alternative dispute resolution, and basic trial and appellate practice – much in the form of simulated client representation. He also teaches technology augmented trial practice using the sophisticated equipment in the McGlothlin Courtroom.
Professor Lederer is the author or co-author of twelve books, numerous articles, two law-related education television series, and a popular series of Fairytale Trials for elementary and middle school students.
Iria Giuffrida is a Visiting Assistant Professor of Law at William & Mary Law School and the Deputy Director for CLCT. She received her Ph.D. and LL.B. from Queen Mary, University of London, and LL.M. from William & Mary Law School. She was the 2001 Drapers’ Scholar at William & Mary Law School. Professor Giuffrida is admitted to practice in the State of New York, is a Solicitor in England and Wales, and has qualified as a Solicitor in the Republic of Ireland.
Professor Giuffrida practiced law as a commercial litigator for nearly 10 years in the UK and abroad, and she gained substantial experience and a keen interest in alternative dispute resolution (“ADR”). She has been involved in a number of ICC and LCIA arbitrations concerning competition law, international joint-venture disputes, energy disputes, and construction law and has participated in a number of mediations in the UK and abroad.
She worked for Dechert LLP (in the London and Brussels offices) and for Enyo Law LLP, a big-ticket specialist litigation firm in London. In her career as a litigator, she advised clients in a wide range of commercial matters including partnership disputes, conspiracy, and civil fraud claims, as well as agency claims and claims for breach of contract. She has particular experience in advising on complex and multijurisdictional financial services disputes, on breach of fiduciary duties, and on restitution-based claims.
Prior to practicing law, Professor Giuffrida taught law in the US and UK and worked for the European Ombudsman in Brussels.
Professor Giuffrida’s research focus centers on the legal implications of Artificial Intelligence and emerging technologies, including cybersecurity and data protection aspects. She teaches Artificial Intelligence, Emerging Technologies, and Their Effects on the Legal Landscape; International Commercial Arbitration; and International Business Transactions at William & Mary Law School.
Martin Gruen is the Deputy Director Emeritus for CLCT and the Managing Member of Martin E. Gruen Consulting, LLC. He brings over forty years of experience in providing court technology systems to the legal community. Initially concentrating in the areas of sound reinforcement and audio recording, Mr. Gruen has now emerged as a national expert in court-related high-technology legal uses. As founder and president of Applied Legal Technologies, Mr. Gruen designed many of the nation’s state-of-the-art court technology installations and has served as a consultant to several major legal technology manufacturers.
CLCT includes William & Mary Law School’s McGlothlin Courtroom, the world’s most technologically advanced trial and appellate courtroom and the center of CLCT’s experimental work. Since the project’s beginning, Mr. Gruen has been in charge of the courtroom’s ongoing technological growth and development and has directed, installed, and designed the technology systems within the courtroom. According to Professor Fred Lederer, Chancellor Professor of Law and Director of CLCT, “Martin Gruen is a truly extraordinary courtroom designer and technologist. We would not have CLCT and the Courtroom 21 Project without him and his creative work.”
Mary Beth Poma
Mary Beth Poma is the Associate Director for Operations & Administration of CLCT at William & Mary Law School. She has held numerous administrative positions at universities and in non-profit organizations. Before beginning her current position at William & Mary, she was the Special Assistant to the President/Director of Advancement at Richard Bland College, where she coordinated the work of the Richard Bland College Foundation Board, focusing particularly on board engagement and fund development. Prior to working for Richard Bland College, she was the Director of Community Outreach for Rx Partnership, a public/private partnership that strives to improve access to medication for Virginia’s vulnerable populations. She has also served as Assistant Director of Career Services/Career Advisor at the University of Richmond School of Law, Director of Residence Services at Marshall University, and Assistant Director of Career Services at Agnes Scott College.
Ms. Poma received her M.Ed. in Higher Education Administration from William & Mary School of Education and a BBA in Finance from James Madison University.
Lindsey Whitlow is the 2019-2020 Buswell Fellow and Assistant Director for Research at CLCT. She performs grant-funded research on the legal issues arising from emerging technologies, with special focus on the interrelationship between the Internet of Things (IoT), privacy, and cybersecurity. Her primary areas of interest include intellectual property, cybersecurity—particularly in the corporate context—data privacy, and generally, law and technology. In addition to the research on the IoT, she develops continuing legal education programs on emerging technologies and supervises legal research projects for CLCT’s graduate fellows. She will assist in the formation of an interdisciplinary course on cybersecurity. She collaborates in creating workshops in conjunction with Mason School of Business Entrepreneurship Center, assists in teaching Artificial Intelligence and the law at William & Mary Law School, and leads seminars throughout the year on the same topics. Ms. Whitlow holds a Bachelor of Arts (summa cum laude) in Mass Communications, Business, and French from Louisiana State University. She continued her education to receive a Master of Science in Hospitality and Tourism Management from the University of Central Florida. She then received her Juris Doctor from William & Mary Law School. While at William & Mary, she was a member and associate editor of the William & Mary Business Law Review, President of the Graduate Council, and a member of the inauguration committee for William & Mary’s 28th President, Katherine Rowe.
Nancy Archibald oversees CLCT’s financial management, edits documents, and provides pertinent background information needed with respect to CLCT projects, William & Mary Law School, and the College of William & Mary generally. She served as CLCT’s full-time Associate Director for Operations and Administration until June 24, 2015, and she returned to assist CLCT part-time a month later. She originally joined the CLCT staff in July of 2000 after teaching for seven years in public schools.
Daniel Shin is CLCT’s AI Special Counsel. He a graduate of Northwestern University (B.A.), Mannheim Universität (M.A.), and William & Mary Law School (J.D.). While in law school, he was a graduate fellow at CLCT, where he served–among many roles–as CLCT’s webmaster. With an extensive technical and technology background, Daniel focused his legal studies on the intersection of technology and law, including Fourth Amendment search and seizure jurisprudence, national security law, and Rules of Evidence on authenticating digital exhibits. Currently, Daniel researches these legal issues as they pertain to blockchain technology, the Internet of Things, and artificial intelligence. Specifically, his interests involve the implications of deep learning technology and its social and legal impact on privacy and civil liberties.
Alex Ashrafi graduated from Rutgers University with a B.S. in Biotechnology & Bioinformatics. He then worked as a software developer designing and coding business management platforms for large chemical companies. Alex has a strong interest in film and theater and acted professionally in numerous television shows and Off-Broadway plays. In his free time, he enjoys playing bass and piano with other musicians, running, and writing fiction. He is primarily interested in working in civil litigation after law school.
Anneliese Brei is an undergraduate student at the College of William and Mary interested in Computer Science. She has been associated with CLCT since 2015 and currently serves as a summer intern, where she assists with operations and performs research. On campus, she is also a marketing intern at the Raymond A. Mason School of Business, as well as the Director of On-Campus Accounts for Agency 1693, a student-run business. She is a member of the Conduct and Honor Advisor Program (CHAP), which guides students who are undergoing Honor or Conduct processes. In her free time, she enjoys writing stories and playing classical piano.
A 2018 graduate of Brown University with a B.A. in Economics, Scott Brown is a 1L at William & Mary Law School and a contributing research and writing Fellow for the CLCT. Prior to advancing to higher education, Scott pursued an ice hockey career for three years and spent his time playing in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, as well as Hartford, Connecticut. A South Carolina native, Scott switched to playing on the rugby team while at Brown and received Ivy League Rugby Academic All-Ivy Honors. In his spare time, Scott enjoys working on European cars, going to the gym, and playing golf. At William & Mary Law School, in addition to his CLCT fellowship, Scott is on the Transactional Law competition team, a 1L representative for the Business Law Society, and a mentor in the W&M Prelaw Mentorship Program.
A 2018 graduate of Hamline University in Saint Paul, Minnesota, Allison Eastham received a B.A. in Biology and Legal Studies, with a certificate of proficiency in Mandarin Chinese and a Paralegal Certification. For her degree, Allison completed three capstones, including one on women in the workplace in post-Cultural Revolution China, and one on the importance of creating international ethical standards for biological research. She has worked with the Minnesota Department of Human Services as a SharePoint content administrator, content writer, and legal intern. She has also worked with Hamline University’s Office of Marketing and Communications as a Web Development Intern, updating and assisted with the design of the website. In college, she was part of the Hamline A Cappella Choir, Delta Tau Sorority, and the Hamline Softball team. In her free time, Allison enjoys traveling, visiting new restaurants and museums, and sings with William & Mary Law School’s A Cappella Group. She is the deputy webmaster and member of CLCT’s Marketing Team, a member of the Student Intellectual Property Society and Women’s Law Society, and a student member of the Richmond Women’s Bar Association and the Virginia Bar Association.
Mark Garrett is a 2011 graduate of Virginia Tech with a B.A. in History and a 2013 graduate from Old Dominion University with a M.S. Ed. in Secondary Education Social Studies. He worked for Chesapeake Public Schools as a permanent and long-term substitute at Grassfield High School until 2015 and then worked as a 7th grade Social Studies teacher for Virginia Beach Public Schools at Bayside Middle School. While working at Bayside Middle, Mark taught U.S. History from 1865 to the Present in an inclusion setting, working with special education teachers, reading specialists, and teacher assistants to help Bayside Middle receive its accreditation during the 2017-2018 school year. Mark is currently a J.D. Candidate in the William & Mary Law School Class of 2021, where he also works with CLCT as a Fellow in the Court Affiliates and Virginia Law Related Education programs.
Born and raised in Miami, Florida, to a large Cuban family, Hailey has aspired to be a lawyer since she was nine years old. That journey has taken her from Jacksonville, Florida, to Williamsburg, Virginia, and, most recently, to Kathmandu, Nepal, as a summer intern working for a non-profit organization dedicated to combating human trafficking in Nepal. Hailey began working with CLCT in 2017 and currently oversees the students working on the Court Affiliates website. Outside the classroom, Hailey enjoys spending time with her fiance and their dog, and, despite the heavy reading assignments in law school, loves reading in her leisure time as well.
A graduate of Milwaukee School of Engineering (MSOE), Mechelle King comes to William & Mary Law School after working in digital marketing for nearly fifteen years. As a Fellow, Mechelle helps to publicize the work of CLCT via social media and email marketing. Prior to law school, Mechelle served on the MSOE Corporation Board and sat on the boards of the Wisconsin Conservatory of Music and Exploit No More. In 2016, Mechelle was named to the Milwaukee Business Journal’s 40 Under 40 list, which recognizes the future of community leadership in southeastern Wisconsin, and received the Alumni Achievement Award from MSOE. Mechelle’s dream job is to have someone pay her to travel and eat her way around the world.
Alex graduated from the University of Virginia with a B.A. in Classics (Latin and Greek) in only three years! While in undergrad, she interned for Attorney John Whitehead and worked as a clerk in a small, well-reputed litigation firm in Charlottesville. She also came straight to William and Mary from her undergraduate institution. Currently, she has no idea what she would like to specialize in as an attorney. However, she is very interested in doing legal research pertaining to the ADA. Outside of school, Alex’s favorite pastime is doing Crossfit – she even brings her dog, Oliver, with her to the gym.
Jason Jian-Shuen Lai is a CLCT fellow interested in fintech development and regulatory frameworks such as crypto-asset regulations. At William & Mary Law School, he serves as the vice president of the Student Intellectual Property Society. Graduating from National Taiwan University and completing his military service in Taiwan, he worked in the Bureau of Foreign Trade for about four years. During the summer before law school, he was a member of the legal team at a cryptocurrency exchange, mainly responsible for government relationship and compliance work. In his free time, he enjoys learning new skills and is currently learning programming and skydiving.
A 2015 graduate of the College of William & Mary, Taylor Lain holds a B.S. in Chemistry with a minor in Russian and Post-Soviet Studies. As an undergraduate student, she volunteered for the Buddy Ball Program, worked as a Peer Scholarship Adviser, sang with and directed Passing Notes A Cappella, and conducted biochemical research that eventually culminated in a successful Honors thesis. Upon graduation, she applied her technical expertise for two years as a Quality Assurance (QA) Analyst for Anheuser-Busch InBev’s Williamsburg Brewery, during which time she quickly took on additional responsibilities as the QA Department’s Voyager Plant Optimization Analyst and Defective Material Reporting specialist. Aiming to pursue later legal work in the food and drug industry, she now studies at William & Mary Law School, where she is a McGlothlin Scholar, works as a CLCT Fellow, is a member of the Student Intellectual Property Society, and is president of Law Cappella.
As a CLCT Fellow, David conducts research on autonomous vehicle technology and the application of blockchain technology. David is a 2016 graduate of the State University of New York at Geneseo and is currently a second-year law student at William & Mary Law School. During his time at SUNY Geneseo, David served as the Founder and President of Geneseo’s Students for Sensible Drug Policy chapter and Vice President of Kappa Sigma Fraternity (Tau-Alpha). David was also a freelance photographer for two years in college. In his free time, David enjoys photography, gaming, and biking.
Carl “Ott” Lindstrom is the Chief Technology Officer at CLCT. At William & Mary Law School, Ott is also the co-president of the Sports and Entertainment Law Society, serves on the Business Law Review, and sings bass in the school a cappella group. Previously, Ott clerked for the Fauquier County Attorney’s Office, worked as the lead copywriter for a business development startup, and served for three years as a security guard supervisor with his undergraduate college’s police department. Ott is a 2016 graduate of Amherst College, where he received top honors for his thesis work on virtual reality.
Before coming to William & Mary to study law, James Lomonosoff graduated from Colgate University with a major in Japanese. Following graduation, he worked for four years teaching English in Aomori Prefecture, Japan as a participant in the Japan Exchange Teaching Program. While there, he worked alongside local instructors not only to teach English to elementary and junior high school students, but also to develop new curricula aimed at teaching the language to students at even younger ages in line with the Japanese government’s policy of increasing English mastery among its population. James Lomonosoff currently serves as a fellow with CLCT, where his main focuses have so far been AI and International Law.
Since graduating from Washington & Lee University in 2014, Christina Lowry has served on active duty as a U.S. Army officer. As a Chemical Officer with the 10th Combat Aviation Brigade, she deployed to Korea and Germany before being selected for the Funded Legal Education Program. After law school she will continue her military service as an Army JAG. She is currently on the boards of the William & Mary Law School Military and Veteran’s Law Society, Equality Alliance, and Women’s Law Society. In her free time, she enjoys travel, theater, and sewing.
Brennan McGovern is excited to join the talented CLCT Team. A first-year law student at William & Mary, Brennan graduated from Elon University with a B.A. in Journalism in 2015. He spent several years as a news producer for local news stations in Myrtle Beach, S.C., and Charlotte, N.C. Outside of law school, Brennan enjoys road trips, the beach, music, and cheering for his hometown Pittsburgh sports teams.
In 2014, Scott Meyer graduated from Drake University in Des Moines, Iowa, with a joint major in Accounting and Information Systems and a minor in Computer Science. After graduating he moved to Washington, D.C., and worked as an IT Strategy Consultant with Accenture. Focusing on improving client’s IT capabilities, he honed skills that now range broadly from defining IT operating models to rationalizing application stacks. During his four years with Accenture, Scott worked with many clients in hospitality, insurance, telecommunications, healthcare, energy, pharmaceuticals, and chemicals industries.
A 2018 graduate of Arkansas State University’s Griffin College of Business, Trenton Mullins has served as the e-Commerce Manager of Quality Farm Supply Online, an online agricultural parts dealer, and a Marketing Specialist at Southern Marketing Affiliates, America’s Ag Parts Supplier. Trenton is proud to have coached the junior high baseball team at Ridgefield Christian School as well as a youth soccer team in Trumann, Arkansas, and to have been able to referee youth soccer games in Trumann from age thirteen to age twenty. In his free time, Trenton enjoys watching St. Louis Cardinals baseball games, watching Manchester United soccer games, and travelling.
Kazia Nowacki is currently pursuing a J.D. at William & Mary Law School. In CLCT, she works on the Artificial Intelligence team researching new initiatives and problems in the legal industry pertaining to developing technology. As the creative content lead for CLCT, she drafts printed materials for event advertising and generates digital media assets. Before making her career change to law, she spent four years in the entertainment industry. As the coordinator for the Documentary team at Pixar Animation Studios, she was responsible for producing and executing the behind-the-scenes content for feature film in-home releases. Prior to her career at Pixar, she worked for Fox Networks Engineering & Operations, coordinating television productions for large-scale clients like Fox Sports and Fox Sports 1. She has a B.S. in Music Industry, with minors in Business Administration and Video Production, from Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA.
Alexandra Pratt currently serves as the Chief of Staff for CLCT. After graduating from the University of Virginia in 2007, she co-founded The Children’s Theatre of Hampton Roads with the goal of making theater arts accessible to all Hampton Roads families. Alexandra also worked as a producer at Learning Curve Entertainment, where she ran educational performances and raised money for military charities. Since starting William & Mary Law School, she has interned at Kaléo, Inc., a pharmaceutical company, and the United States Attorney’s Office in Norfolk, Virginia. In her free time, she enjoys trying new restaurants and expanding her baking skills.
An alumna of Wellesley College and the French Culinary Institute, Morgan Reeds was a pastry chef in some of the best restaurants in New York and California, rising quickly through the ranks and attaining the position of Sous Chef at the celebrated Picholine Restaurant after only two years in the kitchen. She went on to manage the pastry programs in multiple Michelin Star-awarded restaurants. A desire to be of greater service to the world led Morgan to leave restaurants for a position in clinical research at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. There, she managed studies involving stem cell transplant and related therapies, including a pilot trial of homebound autologous stem cell transplant for which she was third author on an abstract presented at the American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting in 2018. Her greatest accomplishments to date, however, are her beautiful children.
Hailing from Sweden, Ellen Rehnberg graduated from Mount Holyoke College (B.A.) in 2015. She then worked at Blank Rome LLP as a litigation paralegal in New York City, and as an HR Specialist focusing on global mobility on behalf of a multinational FMCG company at Accenture in Prague. While at Accenture, she was also the Data Privacy Lead for the client. In 2017 she began her legal studies and earned her LL.B. from Queen Mary University of London. During her time in London she spent a summer as a tech law intern at the legal tech startup Lexoo, and worked part-time with Legal Geek, a legal tech startup community. Ellen is currently an LL.M Candidate in the School of Law, and the 2019 Draper’s Scholar. In her free time, Ellen is an avid road cyclist.
Nicholas Sas is a member of the William and Mary Law class of 2022. He graduated from Yale in 2014 with a BA in East Asian Studies. Prior to starting at William and Mary law, he worked within the Justice Department in Washington, D.C.
Katherine Sorrell is a student at William & Mary Law School with experience in communications, organizational design, and academic research in the social sciences, particularly in religion, culture, and international development. Katherine earned a Bachelor’s degree in Narrative Studies from Davidson College and her first Master’s degree in Urbanisation and Development from the London School of Economics and Political Science. She subsequently earned a Master’s degree in Sociology at the University of Notre Dame, after which she spent two years teaching reading and writing at YES Prep Gulfton, a charter school in the most internationally diverse neighborhood in Houston. Most recently, she worked in communications and new venture launching at the H.E. Butt Family Foundation and for several nonprofit organizations in Texas.
Josh Turiel graduated from The University of California, Berkeley, where he wrote his Honors thesis on challenges to community-oriented policing strategies on university campuses. He then served as the associate producer of the award-winning documentary film Better This World, which aired nationally on PBS. He worked for the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in San Francisco and founded a freelance IT consulting business. Josh began studying law at William & Mary in 2018 as a McGlothlin Scholar and CLCT Fellow.
This content has been updated on September 11, 2019 at 1:10 pm.