Meet the Team
Fredric I. Lederer is Chancellor Professor of Law and Director of the Center for Legal and Court Technology (CLCT) at William & Mary Law School.
He received his B.S. from Polytechnic University in New York and his J.D. from Columbia University Law School where he was a member of the Board of Editors of the Columbia Law Review and the recipient of the Archie O’Dawson prize (which provided for study with judges at each of the three levels of the federal courts, including Justice Harlan of the Supreme Court). He holds an LL.M. from the University of Virginia. His post-graduate work includes a year as a Fulbright-Hayes Scholar in Freiburg, Germany. He served as an active duty of the United States Army’s Judge Advocate General’s Corps until 1980 when he joined the William & Mary faculty. He has served as prosecutor, defense counsel, and trial judge.
Professor Lederer’s areas of specialization include evidence, trial practice, criminal procedure, military law, legal technology, and the legal implications of Artificial Intelligence and related technologies. He was one of the founders of the ABA prize winning William & Mary Legal Skills Program in which all students spent two years in practice (simulated) law firms in which they learned professional ethics, legal research and writing, interviewing, negotiation, alternative dispute resolution, and basic trial and appellate practice – much in the form of simulated client representation. He also teaches technology augmented trial practice using the sophisticated equipment in the McGlothlin Courtroom.
Professor Lederer is the author or co-author of twelve books, numerous articles, two law-related education television series, and a popular series of Fairytale Trials for elementary and middle school students.
Iria Giuffrida is a Visiting Assistant Professor of Law at William & Mary Law School and the Deputy Director for CLCT. She received her Ph.D. and LL.B. from Queen Mary, University of London, and LL.M. from William & Mary Law School. She was the 2001 Drapers’ Scholar at William & Mary Law School. Professor Giuffrida is admitted to practice in the State of New York, is a Solicitor in England and Wales, and has qualified as a Solicitor in the Republic of Ireland.
Professor Giuffrida practiced law as a commercial litigator for nearly 10 years in the UK and abroad, and she gained substantial experience and a keen interest in alternative dispute resolution (“ADR”). She has been involved in a number of ICC and LCIA arbitrations concerning competition law, international joint-venture disputes, energy disputes, and construction law and has participated in a number of mediations in the UK and abroad.
She worked for Dechert LLP (in the London and Brussels offices) and for Enyo Law LLP, a big-ticket specialist litigation firm in London. In her career as a litigator, she advised clients in a wide range of commercial matters including partnership disputes, conspiracy, and civil fraud claims, as well as agency claims and claims for breach of contract. She has particular experience in advising on complex and multijurisdictional financial services disputes, on breach of fiduciary duties, and on restitution-based claims.
Prior to practicing law, Professor Giuffrida taught law in the US and UK and worked for the European Ombudsman in Brussels.
Professor Giuffrida’s research focus centers on the legal implications of Artificial Intelligence and emerging technologies, including cybersecurity and data protection aspects. She teaches Artificial Intelligence, Emerging Technologies, and Their Effects on the Legal Landscape; International Commercial Arbitration; and International Business Transactions at William & Mary Law School.
Martin Gruen is the Deputy Director Emeritus for CLCT and the Managing Member of Martin E. Gruen Consulting, LLC. He brings over forty years of experience in providing court technology systems to the legal community. Initially concentrating in the areas of sound reinforcement and audio recording, Mr. Gruen has now emerged as a national expert in court-related high-technology legal uses. As founder and president of Applied Legal Technologies, Mr. Gruen designed many of the nation’s state-of-the-art court technology installations and has served as a consultant to several major legal technology manufacturers.
CLCT includes William & Mary Law School’s McGlothlin Courtroom, the world’s most technologically advanced trial and appellate courtroom and the center of CLCT’s experimental work. Since the project’s beginning, Mr. Gruen has been in charge of the courtroom’s ongoing technological growth and development and has directed, installed, and designed the technology systems within the courtroom. According to Professor Fred Lederer, Chancellor Professor of Law and Director of CLCT, “Martin Gruen is a truly extraordinary courtroom designer and technologist. We would not have CLCT and the Courtroom 21 Project without him and his creative work.”
Mary Beth Poma
Mary Beth Poma is the Associate Director for Operations & Administration of CLCT at William & Mary Law School. She has held numerous administrative positions at universities and in non-profit organizations. Before beginning her current position at William & Mary, she was the Special Assistant to the President/Director of Advancement at Richard Bland College, where she coordinated the work of the Richard Bland College Foundation Board, focusing particularly on board engagement and fund development. Prior to working for Richard Bland College, she was the Director of Community Outreach for Rx Partnership, a public/private partnership that strives to improve access to medication for Virginia’s vulnerable populations. She has also served as Assistant Director of Career Services/Career Advisor at the University of Richmond School of Law, Director of Residence Services at Marshall University, and Assistant Director of Career Services at Agnes Scott College.
Ms. Poma received her M.Ed. in Higher Education Administration from William & Mary School of Education and a BBA in Finance from James Madison University.
Taylor Treece is the 2018-2019 Buswell Fellow and Assistant Director for Research at CLCT. She performs grant-funded research on the legal issues arising from emerging technologies, with special focus on the liability risks of artificial intelligence assisted decision-making and predictions. Her primary areas of interest include law and technology, data privacy, cybersecurity, trial practice, evidence, and civil procedure. At CLCT, she develops continuing legal education programs on emerging technologies, supervises legal research projects for CLCT’s graduate fellows, and is a co-creator and host of CLCT’s Exhibit AI Podcast, launched in April 2019. She has thirteen years of trial advocacy experience, and served on the board of directors for the Virginia Law Related Education Institute from 2016-2018. She assists in teaching evidence, trial advocacy, and artificial intelligence and the law at William & Mary Law School, and leads seminars throughout the year on the same topics. Ms. Treece holds a Bachelor of Arts (magna cum laude) in Experimental Psychology and Political Science from the University of South Carolina, Honors College, where she completed a thesis project developing an interdisciplinary course offering on the “Psychology of Law.” She then received her Juris Doctor (magna cum laude) from William & Mary Law School. While at William & Mary, she was a member of the William & Mary Law Review, a founding executive member of the Data, Privacy, and Cybersecurity Legal Society, an award-winning member of the National Trial Team, and an inductee into the Order of Barristers.
Nancy Archibald oversees CLCT’s financial management, edits documents, and provides pertinent background information needed with respect to CLCT projects, William & Mary Law School, and the College of William & Mary generally.
She served as CLCT’s full-time Associate Director for Operations and Administration until June 24, 2015, and she returned to assist CLCT part-time a month later. She originally joined the CLCT staff in July of 2000 after teaching for seven years in public schools.
Prior to law school, Natsumi Antweiler lived in Germany, Switzerland, France, and Japan. She graduated from Waseda University (2011) and holds a Master’s degree in International Law from The Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (2013). She worked at the United Nations Environment Programme specifically on mercury and hazardous waste management projects. She later became an international program coordinator at a mid-sized, Japanese mercury recycling company, helping improve the company’s international expansion program. During her spare time, she loves to travel and learn new languages.
Alex Ashrafi graduated from Rutgers University with a B.S. in Biotechnology & Bioinformatics. He then worked as a software developer designing and coding business management platforms for large chemical companies. Alex has a strong interest in film and theater and acted professionally in numerous television shows and Off-Broadway plays. In his free time, he enjoys playing bass and piano with other musicians, running, and writing fiction. He is primarily interested in working in civil litigation after law school.
Anneliese Brei is an undergraduate student at the College of William and Mary interested in Computer Science. She has been associated with CLCT since 2015 and currently serves as a summer intern, where she assists with operations and performs research. On campus, she is also a marketing intern at the Raymond A. Mason School of Business, as well as the Director of On-Campus Accounts for Agency 1693, a student-run business. She is a member of the Conduct and Honor Advisor Program (CHAP), which guides students who are undergoing Honor or Conduct processes. In her free time, she enjoys writing stories and playing classical piano.
A 2018 graduate of Brown University with a B.A. in Economics, Scott Brown is a 1L at William & Mary Law School and a contributing research and writing Fellow for the CLCT. Prior to advancing to higher education, Scott pursued an ice hockey career for three years and spent his time playing in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, as well as Hartford, Connecticut. A South Carolina native, Scott switched to playing on the rugby team while at Brown and received Ivy League Rugby Academic All-Ivy Honors. In his spare time, Scott enjoys working on European cars, going to the gym, and playing golf. At William & Mary Law School, in addition to his CLCT fellowship, Scott is on the Transactional Law competition team, a 1L representative for the Business Law Society, and a mentor in the W&M Prelaw Mentorship Program.
A 2018 graduate of Hamline University in Saint Paul, Minnesota, Allison Eastham received a B.A. in Biology and Legal Studies, with a certificate of proficiency in Mandarin Chinese and a Paralegal Certification. For her degree, Allison completed three capstones, including one on women in the workplace in post-Cultural Revolution China, and one on the importance of creating international ethical standards for biological research. She has worked with the Minnesota Department of Human Services as a SharePoint content administrator, content writer, and legal intern. She has also worked with Hamline University’s Office of Marketing and Communications as a Web Development Intern, updating and assisted with the design of the website. In college, she was part of the Hamline A Cappella Choir, Delta Tau Sorority, and the Hamline Softball team. In her free time, Allison enjoys traveling, visiting new restaurants and museums, and sings with William & Mary Law School’s A Cappella Group. She is the deputy webmaster and member of CLCT’s Marketing Team, a member of the Student Intellectual Property Society and Women’s Law Society, and a student member of the Richmond Women’s Bar Association and the Virginia Bar Association.
Mark Garrett is a 2011 graduate of Virginia Tech with a B.A. in History and a 2013 graduate from Old Dominion University with a M.S. Ed. in Secondary Education Social Studies. He worked for Chesapeake Public Schools as a permanent and long-term substitute at Grassfield High School until 2015 and then worked as a 7th grade Social Studies teacher for Virginia Beach Public Schools at Bayside Middle School. While working at Bayside Middle, Mark taught U.S. History from 1865 to the Present in an inclusion setting, working with special education teachers, reading specialists, and teacher assistants to help Bayside Middle receive its accreditation during the 2017-2018 school year. Mark is currently a J.D. Candidate in the William & Mary Law School Class of 2021, where he also works with CLCT as a Fellow in the Court Affiliates and Virginia Law Related Education programs.
Mindy Gee is a third-year law student at William & Mary Law School. Prior to law school, Mindy was an International Affairs Specialist in the Criminal Division of the U.S. Department of Justice. In her role, she handled incoming and outgoing extraditions and mutual legal assistance cases in the Middle East, Asia, and Africa. Mindy graduated from Yale University in 2012, with a degree in English Literature.
Born and raised in Miami, Florida, to a large Cuban family, Hailey has aspired to be a lawyer since she was nine years old. That journey has taken her from Jacksonville, Florida, to Williamsburg, Virginia, and, most recently, to Kathmandu, Nepal, as a summer intern working for a non-profit organization dedicated to combating human trafficking in Nepal. Hailey began working with CLCT in 2017 and currently oversees the students working on the Court Affiliates website. Outside the classroom, Hailey enjoys spending time with her fiance and their dog, and, despite the heavy reading assignments in law school, loves reading in her leisure time as well.
Alex Houstoun is a 2010 graduate of Bard College and spent five years working as a publicist with Vintage & Anchor Books, a division of Penguin Random House, before starting at the William & Mary Law School in 2016. As a student, Alex is involved with the Student Intellectual Property Society and has independently written on the Copyright Act of 1909 and its impact on pulp fiction writers of the early twentieth century. In his free time, Alex serves as an editor for a literary journal, enjoys making bread, and walking his dogs.
A graduate of Milwaukee School of Engineering (MSOE), Mechelle King comes to William & Mary Law School after working in digital marketing for nearly fifteen years. As a Fellow, Mechelle helps to publicize the work of CLCT via social media and email marketing. Prior to law school, Mechelle served on the MSOE Corporation Board and sat on the boards of the Wisconsin Conservatory of Music and Exploit No More. In 2016, Mechelle was named to the Milwaukee Business Journal’s 40 Under 40 list, which recognizes the future of community leadership in southeastern Wisconsin, and received the Alumni Achievement Award from MSOE. Mechelle’s dream job is to have someone pay her to travel and eat her way around the world.
A 2015 graduate of the College of William & Mary, Taylor Lain holds a B.S. in Chemistry with a minor in Russian and Post-Soviet Studies. As an undergraduate student, she volunteered for the Buddy Ball Program, worked as a Peer Scholarship Adviser, sang with and directed Passing Notes A Cappella, and conducted biochemical research that eventually culminated in a successful Honors thesis. Upon graduation, she applied her technical expertise for two years as a Quality Assurance (QA) Analyst for Anheuser-Busch InBev’s Williamsburg Brewery, during which time she quickly took on additional responsibilities as the QA Department’s Voyager Plant Optimization Analyst and Defective Material Reporting specialist. Aiming to pursue later legal work in the food and drug industry, she now studies at William & Mary Law School, where she is a McGlothlin Scholar, works as a CLCT Fellow, is a member of the Student Intellectual Property Society, and is president of Law Cappella.
As a CLCT Fellow, David conducts research on autonomous vehicle technology and the application of blockchain technology. David is a 2016 graduate of the State University of New York at Geneseo and is currently a second-year law student at William & Mary Law School. During his time at SUNY Geneseo, David served as the Founder and President of Geneseo’s Students for Sensible Drug Policy chapter and Vice President of Kappa Sigma Fraternity (Tau-Alpha). David was also a freelance photographer for two years in college. In his free time, David enjoys photography, gaming, and biking.
Carl “Ott” Lindstrom is the Chief Technology Officer at CLCT. At William & Mary Law School, Ott is also the co-president of the Sports and Entertainment Law Society, serves on the Business Law Review, and sings bass in the school a cappella group. Previously, Ott clerked for the Fauquier County Attorney’s Office, worked as the lead copywriter for a business development startup, and served for three years as a security guard supervisor with his undergraduate college’s police department. Ott is a 2016 graduate of Amherst College, where he received top honors for his thesis work on virtual reality.
Since graduating from Washington & Lee University in 2014, Christina Lowry has served on active duty as a U.S. Army officer. As a Chemical Officer with the 10th Combat Aviation Brigade, she deployed to Korea and Germany before being selected for the Funded Legal Education Program. After law school she will continue her military service as an Army JAG. She is currently on the boards of the William & Mary Law School Military and Veteran’s Law Society, Equality Alliance, and Women’s Law Society. In her free time, she enjoys travel, theater, and sewing.
In 2014, Scott Meyer graduated from Drake University in Des Moines, Iowa, with a joint major in Accounting and Information Systems and a minor in Computer Science. After graduating he moved to Washington, D.C., and worked as an IT Strategy Consultant with Accenture. Focusing on improving client’s IT capabilities, he honed skills that now range broadly from defining IT operating models to rationalizing application stacks. During his four years with Accenture, Scott worked with many clients in hospitality, insurance, telecommunications, healthcare, energy, pharmaceuticals, and chemicals industries.
A 2018 graduate of Arkansas State University’s Griffin College of Business, Trenton Mullins has served as the e-Commerce Manager of Quality Farm Supply Online, an online agricultural parts dealer, and a Marketing Specialist at Southern Marketing Affiliates, America’s Ag Parts Supplier. Trenton is proud to have coached the junior high baseball team at Ridgefield Christian School as well as a youth soccer team in Trumann, Arkansas, and to have been able to referee youth soccer games in Trumann from age thirteen to age twenty. In his free time, Trenton enjoys watching St. Louis Cardinals baseball games, watching Manchester United soccer games, and travelling.
Kazia Nowacki is currently pursuing a J.D. at William & Mary Law School. In CLCT, she works on the Artificial Intelligence team researching new initiatives and problems in the legal industry pertaining to developing technology. As the creative content lead for CLCT, she drafts printed materials for event advertising and generates digital media assets. Before making her career change to law, she spent four years in the entertainment industry. As the coordinator for the Documentary team at Pixar Animation Studios, she was responsible for producing and executing the behind-the-scenes content for feature film in-home releases. Prior to her career at Pixar, she worked for Fox Networks Engineering & Operations, coordinating television productions for large-scale clients like Fox Sports and Fox Sports 1. She has a B.S. in Music Industry, with minors in Business Administration and Video Production, from Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA.
Alexandra Pratt currently serves as the Chief of Staff for CLCT. After graduating from the University of Virginia in 2007, she co-founded The Children’s Theatre of Hampton Roads with the goal of making theater arts accessible to all Hampton Roads families. Alexandra also worked as a producer at Learning Curve Entertainment, where she ran educational performances and raised money for military charities. Since starting William & Mary Law School, she has interned at Kaléo, Inc., a pharmaceutical company, and the United States Attorney’s Office in Norfolk, Virginia. In her free time, she enjoys trying new restaurants and expanding her baking skills.
Michael J. Raposa graduated magna cum laude and earned his Bachelor’s degree from Stonehill College in 2007, with a double major in History and Political Science and a minor in Peace & Conflict Studies. During his time at Stonehill he held numerous research assistantships and received the d’Agostino Prize for his History thesis. After graduating, he worked for Meditech, Inc., for five years as an Application Specialist and Technical Specialist; provided user-end and back-end support for Electronic Health Records (EHRs) and Physician Products across the U.S. and Canada; and travelled to Calgary, AB, Vancouver, BC, and Los Angeles, CA, to provide on-site support, optimization, and training for hospital staff. He trained Meditech staff in custom scripting programs and created training materials and documentation for use by both Meditech and hospital staff. Michael is part of William & Mary Law School’s Class of 2019, where he was the Senior Notes Editor for the Bill of Rights Journal. While enrolled at William & Mary Law School he has worked for the National Center for State Courts and Sullivan & Worcester LLP. He currently volunteers with CLCT, specializing in current AI- and blockchain-related issues affecting EHRs and Tax.
An alumna of Wellesley College and the French Culinary Institute, Morgan Reeds was a pastry chef in some of the best restaurants in New York and California, rising quickly through the ranks and attaining the position of Sous Chef at the celebrated Picholine Restaurant after only two years in the kitchen. She went on to manage the pastry programs in multiple Michelin Star-awarded restaurants. A desire to be of greater service to the world led Morgan to leave restaurants for a position in clinical research at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. There, she managed studies involving stem cell transplant and related therapies, including a pilot trial of homebound autologous stem cell transplant for which she was third author on an abstract presented at the American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting in 2018. Her greatest accomplishments to date, however, are her beautiful children.
Kelly graduated from the University of Birmingham, United Kingdom, with a First Class degree in English. She went on to King’s College London to study for her Masters in Medieval English: Gender, Sex, & Culture. Upon graduating from this program, Kelly studied at Oxford University to obtain her Post-Graduate Certificate in Education to teach English, after which she headed back to London to teach for a year. She met her husband at Oxford and moved to Bahrain to join him, where she simultaneously taught English to high school students and worked as an Adjunct Professor for the University of Maryland University College, teaching writing, literature, and language courses to military members obtaining their associate degrees. Later, Kelly and her husband moved to the United States. She joined William & Mary Law School in September 2016 and, upon graduation, will be clerking in the Eastern District of Virginia for Judge John. F. Anderson. She will then join Vinson & Elkins as an Environmental Associate. During her time at the Law School, Kelly worked as a CLCT Fellow for two years before becoming the Editor-in-Chief of the Bill of Rights Journal. As a fellow, she worked on several projects, including a forthcoming publication entitled Basic Virginia Law for Non-Lawyers.
Since graduating summa cum laude from Niagara University in 2016, earning a Bachelor’s degree in Political Science, Kelsey Ruszkowski is now a third-year law student at William and Mary Law School. While at her undergraduate institution, she earned minors in law, psychology, and philosophy and focused her studies on the intersection of law and psychology, which included earning departmental honors after completing a thesis on implicit jury bias. Prior to starting law school, she served as Vice President of the Prelaw Association and as Chair of the Commuter Advocacy Board, and also completed internships with a local judge and a private law firm. In her spare time, she enjoys kayaking, spending time with her sisters, and attempting to learn foreign languages to aid in future travel. From 2015 to 2016, Kelsey was inducted into five honors societies, received a student achievement award, and was a featured graduating student at Niagara University.
A graduate of Northwestern University (B.A.) and Mannheim Universität (M.A.), Daniel Shin is a law student at William & Mary Law School and a Fellow at CLCT. With an extensive technical and technology background, Daniel focused his legal studies on the intersection of technology and law, including Fourth Amendment search and seizure jurisprudence, national security law, and Rules of Evidence on authenticating digital exhibits. Currently, Daniel focuses his legal research on blockchain technology, the Internet of Things, and artificial intelligence. Specifically, his interests lie on the implication of deep learning technology and its social and legal impact on privacy and civil liberties.
Katherine Sorrell is a student at William & Mary Law School with experience in communications, organizational design, and academic research in the social sciences, particularly in religion, culture, and international development. Katherine earned a Bachelor’s degree in Narrative Studies from Davidson College and her first Master’s degree in Urbanisation and Development from the London School of Economics and Political Science. She subsequently earned a Master’s degree in Sociology at the University of Notre Dame, after which she spent two years teaching reading and writing at YES Prep Gulfton, a charter school in the most internationally diverse neighborhood in Houston. Most recently, she worked in communications and new venture launching at the H.E. Butt Family Foundation and for several nonprofit organizations in Texas.
Josh Turiel graduated from The University of California, Berkeley, where he wrote his Honors thesis on challenges to community-oriented policing strategies on university campuses. He then served as the associate producer of the award-winning documentary film Better This World, which aired nationally on PBS. He worked for the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in San Francisco and founded a freelance IT consulting business. Josh began studying law at William & Mary in 2018 as a McGlothlin Scholar and CLCT Fellow.
This content has been updated on June 11, 2019 at 5:55 pm.