Meet the Team

The Director

Fred Lederer

Fredric (Fred) I. Lederer is Chancellor Professor of Law and Director of the Center for Legal & Court Technology (CLCT) at William & Mary Law School.

He received his B.S. from Polytechnic University in New York and his J.D. from Columbia University Law School where he was a member of the Board of Editors of the Columbia Law Review and the recipient of the Archie O’Dawson prize (which provided for study with judges at each of the three levels of the federal courts, including Justice Harlan of the Supreme Court). He holds an LL.M. from the University of Virginia. His post-graduate work includes a year as a Fulbright-Hayes Scholar in Freiburg, Germany. He served as an active duty of the United States Army’s Judge Advocate General’s Corps until 1980 when he joined the William & Mary faculty. He has served as prosecutor, defense counsel, and trial judge.

Professor Lederer’s areas of specialization include evidence, trial practice, criminal procedure, military law, legal technology, and the legal implications of Artificial Intelligence and related technologies. He was one of the founders of the ABA prize winning William & Mary Legal Skills Program in which all students spent two years in practice (simulated) law firms in which they learned professional ethics, legal research and writing, interviewing, negotiation, alternative dispute resolution, and basic trial and appellate practice – much in the form of simulated client representation. He also teaches technology augmented trial practice using the sophisticated equipment in the McGlothlin Courtroom.

Professor Lederer is the author or co-author of twelve books, numerous articles, two law-related education television series, and a popular series of Fairytale Trials for elementary and middle school students.

Advisory Team

Nancy Archibald

Nancy Archibald oversees CLCT’s financial management, edits documents, and provides pertinent background information needed with respect to CLCT projects, William & Mary Law School, and the College of William & Mary generally. She served as CLCT’s full-time Associate Director for Operations and Administration until June 24, 2015, and she returned to assist CLCT part-time a month later. She originally joined the CLCT staff in July of 2000 after teaching for seven years in public schools.

Martin Gruen

Martin Gruen is the Deputy Director Emeritus for CLCT and the Managing Member of Martin E. Gruen Consulting, LLC. He brings over forty years of experience in providing court technology systems to the legal community. Initially concentrating in the areas of sound reinforcement and audio recording, Mr. Gruen has now emerged as a national expert in court-related high-technology legal uses. As founder and president of Applied Legal Technologies, Mr. Gruen designed many of the nation’s state-of-the-art court technology installations and has served as a consultant to several major legal technology manufacturers.

Honorable Herbert Dixon, (Ret.)

Honorable Herbert Dixon (Ret.), D.C. Superior Court is Senior Legal Advisor to CLCT.

Richard K. Herrmann, Esq.

Richard K. Herrmann, Esq. is director of the Center for Law Practice Technology and Visiting Professor at Delaware Law School.

Richard K. Herrmann has practiced various forms of complex litigation for more than 40 years. For 12 years, he chaired the Delaware Supreme Court Commission of Continuing Legal Education. Richard also served as Co-Chair of the Delaware Supreme Court Commission on Law and Technology and Director of the Center of Law Practice Technology at Delaware Law School.

In 1983 Richard began to lecture nationally for IBM relating to law firm technology. In 1989, as a member of the Superior Court Complex Litigation Task Force he developed the concept of electronic filing and electronic briefs. In 1999, he was appointed to the American Arbitration Association’s Millennium Task Force, assisting in drafting rules relating to aspects of technology arbitration.

Richard began teaching technology related courses at Delaware Law School in 1993 and later at William & Mary Law School and the National Judicial College. He continues to teach electronic discovery and other aspects of technology at Delaware Law School, and to the Bench and Bar. He is the co-author of the book The Millennium Lawyer 2001, and continues to publish as a columnist for the Delaware State Bar Association’s Journal, and the American Inns of Court Bencher magazines.  Richard is on the Executive Committee of the Richard K. Herrmann Technology Inn of Court and serves as Senior Legal Advisor at CLCT.

Senior Research Fellows

Tabrez Ebrahim

Tabrez Ebrahim is the Senior Cyber Law Researcher at CLCT. He received his B.S. in Mechanical Engineering (High Honors) from the University of Texas at Austin, his M.S. in Mechanical Engineering from Stanford University, his Graduate Entrepreneurship Certificate from the Stanford Graduate School of Business, his LL.M. from the University of Houston Law Center, and his M.B.A. and J.D. from Northwestern University.

He is an Associate Professor at California Western School of Law, a Scholar at George Mason University Antonin Scalia Law School with the Center for Intellectual Property x Innovation Policy (C-IP2), an Ostrom Visiting Scholar at Indiana University (Bloomington), a Visiting Fellow at the University of Nebraska (Lincoln) Governance and Technology Center (NGTC), and a Visiting Associate Professor at University of California San Diego (UCSD). He has been a Visiting Research Fellow at Bournemouth University’s Centre for Intellectual Property Policy & Management in England.

Mr. Ebrahim is a registered U.S. patent attorney, and is admitted to practice in Texas.

Mr. Ebrahim’s work is linked to the activities of the Commonwealth Cyber Initiative. His research centers on the intersection of law, technology, and business, with an emphasis on artificial intelligence (AI), cybersecurity, and digital platforms. He studies the interface between law and digital technology, the role of regulation in emerging business activities and business models, and legal tensions with digitalization and its impact on society.

Daniel Shin

Daniel Shin is the Cybersecurity Researcher at CLCT. He received his B.A. from Northwestern University and his M.A. from the University of Mannheim in Germany. He received his J.D. from William & Mary Law School, where he was a CLCT Graduate Fellow. Mr. Shin is admitted to practice in the Commonwealth of Virginia.

While in law school, Mr. Shin focused his legal studies on the intersection of technology and law, including Fourth Amendment search and seizure jurisprudence, national security law, and Rules of Evidence on authenticating digital exhibits.

Currently, Mr. Shin is actively participating in activities of the Commonwealth Cyber Initiative’s Coastal Virginia Node and curates CLCT’s Cybersecurity and Information Security Newsletter. His research area focuses on legal issues as they pertain to cybersecurity, blockchain technology, the Internet of Things, and artificial intelligence. Specifically, his interests involve the implications of deep learning technology and its social and legal impact on privacy and civil liberties.

Student Staff


Salem Amare is a 2019 graduate of the College of William & Mary. She holds a B.A. in Government with a minor in History. As an undergraduate student at W&M, Salem was a member of the W&M Mock Trial Team, served as an Academic Peer Advisor, studied abroad at Cambridge University, and interned at the Legal Aid Society of Eastern Virginia. Additionally, she worked on campus for the Reves Center for International Studies and for the Office of Community Engagement. Upon graduating a semester early, Salem worked as a paralegal for James & Hoffman, P.C., a small law firm in D.C. specializing in labor and employment law. She is currently a first-year law student and is excited to be back at W&M to pursue her J.D. In her free time, Salem loves spending time with her family and friends. 


Erik Askea holds a B.S. in Biology from Furman University and a Doctor of Medicine from the Medical University of South Carolina. After serving as an officer in the United States Air Force, he worked as a private consultant for hospitals such as Barnes-Jewish Hospital, Mayo Clinic, and Baylor Scott & White. He also holds a Private Pilot License with plans to earn his instrument rating in the near future.


A graduate of George Washington University, Kayla Burris holds a B.A. in International Affairs with a minor in Arabic. While an undergraduate student, she interned as an analyst for a government agency and tutored students in America and abroad. Following graduation, she worked at a consulting firm for five years, during which time she led a new program and received an award for her success and dedication. She also spent time consulting for a start-up blockchain project which recently released its token. As a law student, Kayla is a McGlothlin Scholar and is involved in Law Review and Data Privacy and Cybersecurity Legal Society. Outside of school, Kayla enjoys playing with her dog and baking sourdough treats.


Laura Love Feild is a member of the William & Mary Law class of 2022.  She graduated from George Mason University in 2014 with a degree in Government and International Politics and a double minor in Theater and Tourism & Events Management.  Before coming to William & Mary, she spent four years in D.C. as a federal support contractor.  Laura Love is a staff member for William & Mary Law Review and the head of the mentorship program for the Women’s Law Society.  In her spare time, she loves to cook elaborate meals, explore museums, and watch (or participate in) improv comedy.


Sam Habein is a second-year law student at William & Mary Law School focusing on environmental and intellectual property law. Outside of the CLCT, Sam is a staff member of the William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review and serves as the Undergraduate Liaison for the Student Intellectual Property Society. Before coming to William & Mary, Sam graduated with a B.A. in Physics from the College of the Holy Cross and spent two years spreading his love of the sciences while teaching physics and astronomy in Southern California. Sam is a proud Montana native; he and his dog Thatcher spend their free time running, backpacking, and skiing.


Taylor Oglesby earned her B.S. in Public Relations from The University of Texas at Austin in 2014. She is now a first-year law student at William & Mary. Before attending law school, Taylor ran the daily operations at a local jewelry company in Austin, Texas. Outside of school, she enjoys traveling, sports, and spending time with her dog.


Alex Kozoyed graduated from the University of Virginia with a B.A. in Classics (Latin and Greek) in only three years! While in undergrad, she interned for Attorney John Whitehead and worked as a clerk in a small, well-reputed litigation firm in Charlottesville. She also came straight to William & Mary from her undergraduate institution. Currently, she has no idea what she would like to specialize in as an attorney. However, she is very interested in doing legal research pertaining to the ADA. Outside of school, Alex’s favorite pastime is doing Crossfit – she even brings her dog, Oliver, with her to the gym.


James Leahy is a member of the William & Mary Law School class of 2022. He graduated from the University of Chicago with a double major in English Language & Literature and Biological Sciences. While in undergrad, he interned for Alvin Davis, a partner at Squire Patton Boggs in Miami, and volunteered at Legal Aid Service of Broward County, before coming straight to law school after graduation. He is interested in IP law, such as pharmaceutical patents. Against his better judgement, he likes to spend his free time reading sci-fi or fantasy fiction and playing overly complex board games.


Michael Martinez is a J.D. candidate in the Class of 2023 at William & Mary Law School. Before pursuing a career in law, Michael graduated with a B.A. in Economics from Flagler College in Saint Augustine, Florida. While at Flagler, Michael served as Chair for the Student Judiciary Council and captain of the Mock Trial team. He subsequently went to work for Wolters Kluwer’s Governance and Compliance Division. Michael is intellectually drawn to the intersection of labor law and workforce technology and hopes to gain a deeper understanding of the issue over the next three years while working with CLCT.

When Michael is not briefing cases, he enjoys dominating on Words with Friends or keeping up with the latest news in the NBA.


Brennan McGovern is a second-year law student at William & Mary. Prior to law school, Brennan graduated from Elon University with a B.A. in Journalism and spent several years as a news producer for television stations in Charlotte, North Carolina, and Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. In addition to CLCT, Brennan is a staff member on the William & Mary Business Law Review and is interested in the many intersections of business, law, government, and technology. Outside of law school, he enjoys road trips to the beach, cooking, golf, music, and cheering for his hometown Pittsburgh sports teams.


Reed McLeod earned his B.A. in Political Science and Anthropology from Indiana University, Bloomington.  Now, as a student at William & Mary Law School, Reed is particularly interested in studying how cutting-edge technology poses novel legal issues for national security, cybersecurity, and domestic policing.  When not studying, Reed enjoys playing guitar and hiking Virginia’s many recreational trails.


Avery Meng is a 2017 graduate of the University of Washington with a B.A. in History and Political Science. Prior to law school, she worked in the Washington State Legislature, learning about public policies and governance. She was also a contract specialist in an insurance company and loves contract law. Outside of law school, Avery enjoys backpacking, getting to know people from different cultures, and tasting all types of food. She is a fan of standup comedies, sci-fi, and tennis.


Mike Papakonstantinou is a J.D. candidate in the Class of 2023 at William & Mary Law School. He received a B.S. in engineering science and minors in computer science and engineering management from Vanderbilt University in 2014. He then received a Master of Engineering Management at Duke University in 2016, specializing in technology management and commercialization. Upon graduating, Mike worked at Hanesbrands as a project manager, program manager, and product owner. His initiatives focused on applying technology solutions to automate and optimize processes. Before enrolling at William & Mary Law, he passed the Patent Bar. Mike enjoys spending time with his family, following the NBA, and learning about cars.


Stephanie Perry is a first-year student at William & Mary Law School. She graduated from Boston University with a major in history and minors in journalism and Latin. While at BU, she served as editor-in-chief of the independent student newspaper The Daily Free Press. Prior to attending law school, she worked in real property title insurance and test preparation. She enjoys running, cooking, writing, and stand-up comedy.


Amber Rieff is a CLCT Fellow and second-year law student at William & Mary Law School.  She received her B.A. from the University of Washington and her M.A. in psychology from St. Martin’s University.  Prior to attending law school, Amber worked as a licensed mental health professional nationally and internationally.  She has served as a project manager for Willamette University, College of Law, where she led three projects designed to combat cyber exploitation, pass an Oregon state bill, and stop the trafficking of child pornography.  While in law school, she has served as a Summer Associate for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission and Judicial Extern for the Honorable Arenda L. Wright Allen, U.S. District Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia. 


Nicholas Sas is a member of the William & Mary Law class of 2022. He graduated from Yale in 2014 with a BA in East Asian Studies. Prior to starting at William & Mary law, he worked within the Justice Department in Washington, D.C.


Shannon Schmidt is a CLCT Fellow and first-year law student. She graduated with her B.A. from Flagler College in 2017 with a double major in History and English, and went on to earn her Master’s degree in Religion, Ethics, & Politics at Harvard University. In her second year at Harvard, Shannon began working at MIT on research and programming at the intersection of technology and social justice. After her graduation in 2019, Shannon worked at MIT designing and executing an inside-out applied ethics curriculum for incarcerated students and MIT undergraduate students. Outside of her academic life, Shannon has enjoyed leading and organizing in a number of political capacities. She has worked with faith leaders on the Hill to organize and advocate for progressive reforms, engaged in a number of roles in electoral and legislative organizing, and used her research and writing as a platform for bringing an accessible light to a variety of complex issues.

As a child, Shannon dreamt that she would one day be a waitress. This dream has been fulfilled, time and again, in every town and city in which she has lived. Although the demands of her first year of law school are currently preventing her from living the dream, she is joy-filled and grateful to be at William & Mary Law, and all the more to be learning amongst the folks at CLCT.


A 2013 graduate of the University of Virginia (UVA), Daniel Wicklund holds a B.S. in Mechanical Engineering and Cognitive Science. While at UVA, he worked as a laboratory assistant in the Rapid Prototyping Lab, helping clients design prototypes with the use of 3D printers, CNC machines, laser cutters, and CADD software. Daniel was also involved in the Cavalier Marching Band, playing the clarinet, and in Alpha Phi Omega, completing around 50 hours of community service every semester in the Charlottesville area. For the past 7 years, he has worked at the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) as a Patent Examiner, reviewing patent applications in the field of horology and time measurement. He has also assisted the USPTO in overseeing a summer extern participating in the Patent Examining Experience Program and in signing cases for examiners in the fields of electronic hardware, electric heating and cooling systems, and cable structures. Daniel is currently a 1L at William & Mary Law School and hopes to stay within the field of patent law after graduation by either continuing at the USPTO in an administrative role or moving to a private firm as a patent attorney.

This content has been updated on August 28, 2022 at 10:06 am.